BAMBOO - List of Hedging / Screening / Privacy Plants
This section lists the temperate bamboo plant species we are growing. Although
they are temperate, and many of the temperate bamboos do not grow well in
South Florida, we have been test-growing and selecting the species that
perform well in our climate. These species will, of course, be well-suited
for colder climates as well. They are all running bamboos with various
levels of aggressiveness and may require a method of containment to keep the
from spreading beyond your intended planting area. Most are ideal bamboos
A distinct variety of Bambusa textilis that develops purple/black culms.
The culms darken over a much longer period than Bambusa lako or Gigantochloa atroviolacea. Each new shoot takes up to a year after culm development to complete the darkening process. Sunlight, even filtered sunlight, is important to develop the dark culms. Any culms that are fully shaded will remain green.
Since 2012, we've made seven attempts to import this bamboo, each time the propagules not surviving the import process. Finally, in 2016, another attempt succeeded. Two offsets were collected at South China Botanic Garden and sent to USDA quarantine. These were cleared and released in 2018. They're now growing in our test field and propagation has begun in 2020.
UPDATE: We now have EIGHT, well rooted, single culm specimens in 3 gallon containers.
These are now available, first come first served. Any ordered for mail order will ship no earlier than the week of July 20th. We will not sell more than one to each customer/collector. When all eight are sold, there will be no more available until 2021.
Tropical Bamboo Nursery is donating 20% of the proceeds form the sale of these new releases to the Ned Jaquith Foundation to encourage and support bamboo research projects increasing the collective knowledge of bamboo. UPDATE: As of July 30th, 2020, we have sold out of the original eight first release bamboos. We should have new inventory ready by the summer of 2021.
Distinct appearance. This textilis variety has very short branches giving it a unique feature on an otherwise standard form. From a variety originaly introduced by Dr. Steve Scranton (Florida). Fantastic landscape bamboo. Will grow to 35' tall with 2" diameter culms in Florida. Minimum temp., 15 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
Similar to Bambusa tulda but not as large and more hardy. It produces a large number of thick-walled culms growing in a tight clump. Cut culms traditionally used to push boats in rivers and streams (the non-football definition of "punt" is: to propel a boat by thrusting a pole against the bottom of a river, stream, or lake). Will grow to 45' tall with 2.5" diameter culms in Florida. Minimum temp. 15 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
For those who live in southern areas of the USA, but not far south enough to grow the frost-sensitive Bambusa vulgaris Wamin, this may be your solution!
Bambusa vulgaris Wamin (Dwarf Buddha's Belly Bamboo), with its distinctively compressed and swollen internodes, has always teased growers who experience the occasional freeze each year. Their only option was to grow the more cold-hardy Bambusa ventricosa (Buddha's Belly), which only produces reliable bellied culms under stress. This new introduction to the USA, collected by us in Hua'an, China in November/2012, will be frost-tolerant AND will produce reliable bellied culms.
UPDATE: After spending nearly two years in quarantine under USDA care, it was released to us in July/2014. It has been exclusively test grown at Tropical Bamboo Nursery since then. Limited availability began early September 2017.
The common name Cool Buddha was given primarily to identify this species as appropriate for cooler climate zones.
Will grow to around 18' tall with 2.5" diameter culms in Florida. Minimum temp. 15 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
Vigorous, large clumper with dark green culms. Extremely thick-walled culms with a slight zigzag and whitish bloom.
This cultivar of tuldoides ventricosa has been dubbed Clone X as it grows larger, faster, and never produces swollen internodes. Clump diameter (footprint) can exceed 15' at maturity.
65' tall, 3" diameter culms, Minimum temp 15 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
Yellow culms with green vertical stripes. Occasional swollen nodes and pink coloration. One of the few tropical bamboos that's good in containers. Excellent for bonsai.
Graceful foliage at the tops of arching culms. Formerly (and incorrectly) identified as B.tuldoides Kimmei (pronounced Kim-ay)
Will grow to 30' with 2" dia. culms (if planted in the ground). Min. temp 27°F. MIn USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
Becomes a dwarf with swollen internodes when stressed, especially in pots. In the ground it reverts to a giant with zigzag culms and branches. In Florida, this species is rarely stressed and rarely produces bellies. It is always used as a large privacy screen. In drier climates, like SoCal, it is more likely to live up to it's common name, Buddha's Belly. See B.vulgaris Wamin if you want a belly-producing bamboo and you're in Florida.
55' tall, 3" diameter culms, Min temp 15 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
Bambusa vulgaris 'Wamin Striata' - Striped Buddha Belly Bamboo
A striated (and more rare) version of the popular Wamin Bamboo. The culms are a pale green color with irregular dark-green vertical stripes. The swollen internodes and overall form is the same as the standard Wamin.
12' - 15' with up to 3" dia. culms. Min. temp 27°F. MIn USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
Bambusa vulgaris 'Wamin' - Dwarf Buddha Belly Bamboo
A dwarf bamboo that is perfect by a pond but will fit just about any landscape. Swollen internodes are unusual and are sure to attract your visitors' attention. This bamboo could have been conjured up by Tim Burton or Dr. Seuss.
In Florida (and other warm, humid areas) this species is much more reliable and consistent in producing swollen internodes (bellies) than the first species given the name Buddha Belly Bamboo, Bambusa ventricosa (tuldoides).
*If this bamboo is too cold sensitive for your location, we have an exciting new import that may become a good substitute for sub-tropical areas down to USDA zone 8b. Bambusa tuldoides "Swollen Internode' will be available for sale by 2017.
12' - 15' with up to 3" dia. culms. Min. temp 27°F. MIn USDA zone 9b. Click to find your zone
This is one of our 2012 imports into USDA quarantine. It will be test-grown at our nursery in 2013. The species grows naturally under the broad-leaved forest at elevations of 4000' - 5000' in Jinping of Yunnan China. In recent years, it has been introduced into other areas of Yunnan (at lower elevations) and is growing well. We were advised by our Chinese colleagues to test it in Florida.
Culms are purplish-brown or green when young, yellow, purple or red when mature, called the five-colored fragrant bamboo. Branches emerging high. Beautiful clumps are used for gardens, parks and bonsai.
It is described as growing to about 24' tall with up to 1.5" diameter culms. If the species adapts, we project it will attain only about half those dimensions at maturity in Florida, at sea level. It is cold-hardy to 20 degrees F. UPDATE March/2016: The test bamboos are growing nicely in the ground but struggle in containers. So far, there is only one color (green). We're hoping this changes as the bamboos mature in the sun.
Imported April/2012 into USDA quarantine, released to us in 2013. The first field specimen successfully completed its first full year and is thriving. We've planted five more (2014) for future propagation.
We are releasing 3 & 7 gallon plants for sale with the understanding that they may not grow as taxonomically described. In south Florida, the natural growing conditions seem to not be ideal to develop with the culm color transitions. The culms stay mostly green. Where originally collected in China, the bamboo was growing in clay soil in an arid climate at around 1200' altitude.
MIn USDA zone: 9a. Click to find your zone.